What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin. This happens due to an increased growth cycle of skin cells. It is not a contagious disease and occurs mostly in adults, however, children may get it, as well.

What are the symptoms of Psoriasis?

Patches of thick red silvery skin develop due to Psoriasis. These patches are commonly found on extensor surfaces, such as the elbows and knees, as well as the scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of feet. The most common type of psoriasis is known as plaque psoriasis. Psoriasis may feel itchy, as well as a burning or stinging sensation. 

How is Psoriasis diagnosed?

There are no special blood tests to diagnose psoriasis. Your primary care physician may refer you to a dermatologist to be able to diagnose the rash based on its appearance and texture. There are five different types of Psoriasis: plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, and erythrodermic psoriasis

How is Psoriasis treated?

The treatment of psoriasis usually depends on the amount of skin that is being affected, how intense the disease it, and the location of the rashes. Topical treatments such as moisturizers, over-the-counter and prescription creams and shampoos are typically used for mild psoriasis (psoriasis that covers less than 3 percent of the body). Treating moderate to severe psoriasis (3-10 percent of the body) usually involves a combination of treatment strategies such as systemic medications or phototherapy (light therapy). 

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